We study how the use of online learning systems stimulates cognitive activities, by conducting an experiment with the use of eye tracking technology to monitor eye fixations of 60 final year students engaging in online interactive tutorials at the start of their Final Year Project module. Our findings show that the students' learning behaviours fall into three different types of eye fixation patterns, and the data corresponding to the different types of learners relates to the performance of the students in other related academic modules. We conclude that this method of studying eye fixation patterns can identify different types of learners with respect to their cognitive capability and academic potential, and also allow educators to understand how their instructional design and online learning environment can stimulate higher-order cognitive activities.
: The Benedict & Manolis Mavrikis (2016). "A Study On Eye Fixation Patterns of Students in Higher Education Using an Online Learning System". In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Learning Analytics & Knowledge (LAK '16). ACM, New York.